مقاله


کد مقاله : 139601151421255501

عنوان مقاله : Understanding of Truth in Pre-Socratic Philosophers

کلمات کلیدی : Philosophy ، Truth ، pre-Socratic philosophers ، lethe ، aletheia ،

نشریه شماره : 19 Winter 2015

مشاهده شده : 454

فایل های مقاله :


نویسندگان

  نام و نام خانوادگی پست الکترونیک مرتبه علمی مدرک تحصیلی مسئول
1 Sa‘id Shapouri sapra40@yahoo.com Associate Professor PhD

چکیده مقاله

The pre-Socratic philosophy of ancient Greece begins with Milesian philosophers and their search for the origin and arche of the world. By stating that nature likes to hide itself, Heraclitus was the first thinker who tried to learn about the truth. Parmenides was also one of the most important thinkers who, in his quest for understanding the truth, explained the way towards attaining it by showing the ways of opinion and truth in his instructional poem. Continuing the trend of pre-Socratic philosophy, the materialist Anaxagoras did not add anything to this perception of the truth; however, he mentioned that, due to their weak senses, human beings are not capable of identifying the truth. Atomists, too, did not add anything to previous ideas more than saying that the truth is hidden in a whirlpool, and we know nothing about it. All these ideas finally reach a common point by concluding that the understanding of the truth has always coupled with such words as physis, lethe, and aletheia.