مقاله


کد مقاله : 139602161011555901

عنوان مقاله : Function of the Intellect in the Realms of Religion and Ethics in Qadi Abduljabbar Mu‘tazili

نشریه شماره : 27 Winter 2017

مشاهده شده : 667

فایل های مقاله :


نویسندگان

  نام و نام خانوادگی پست الکترونیک مرتبه علمی مدرک تحصیلی مسئول
1 Farzaneh Mustafapour fm.phd100@yahoo.com Associate Professor PhD
2 Hossein Hooshanghi h.hooshanghi@yahoo.com Professor PhD
3 Seyyed Abbas Zahabi falsafeh100@gmail.com Professor PhD

چکیده مقاله

This paper examines the functions of theoretical and practical intellects in the fields of religion and ethics in the view of Qadi Abduljabbar Mu‘tazili. Based on what appears from his views regarding the explanation of ethical propositions, we can refer to three epistemological, motivational, and ontological approaches. The writers have investigated three categories in the field of epistemology: knowledge of fundamental values, goodness and ugliness of acts, and unveiling of ethical principles based on basic propositions; two functions of the intellect in the field of motivation: the origin of human ethical implications and the basis of Man’s responsibility, and the human voluntary and rational choice in the field of ontology. He maintains that the intellect plays an essential and fundamental role in each of them, and that moral principles have been explained based on rational reasoning. Regarding the functions of the intellect in the domain of understanding religion, the writers initially deal with God’s Oneness and Justice in the light of rational reason and, then, relying on religious principles and through granting a central role to the intellect, they interpret some Qur’anic verses. Finally, they try to interpret some cases which are in contrast to the intellect with reference to certain examples.